How does a Hernia develop?

A hernia develops when an internal part of the body pushes through a weakness in the muscle or surrounding tissue wall. Muscles are usually strong and tight enough to keep intestines and organs in place, but sometimes they aren't leading to a hernia containing fat, bowel or both.

What are the common sites for hernias?
The abdomen (tummy), inguinal area (groin), the umbilical area (belly button) or, and the site of old incisions (previous surgery) are all common sites for hernia development.

What are the different types of hernias?
Rectus Diastasis
Incisional Hernia
Inguinal Hernia
Spigelian Hernia
Umbilical Hernia
Ventral Hernia

Groin Hernias (Inguinal and Femoral)
Inguinal and femoral hernias are the most common conditions for which general practitioner refer patients for surgical management. Untreated or recurrent inguinal hernias are responsible for an incalculable loss of productivity and revenue. Postoperative convalescence also contributes to absence from the work force. Hernias usually present as swelling accompanied by pain or a dragging sensation in the groin.

Most hernias can be diagnosed based on history and clinical examination, but ultrasound scan may be useful in differentiating a hernia from other causes of groin swelling.

Surgical repair is usually advised because of the danger of incarceration and strangulation, particularly with femoral hernias. Both open and laparoscopic (keyhole) repair are offered at WHS. The choice of technique depends on the type of hernia, anesthetic considerations and the period of postoperative disability. Laparoscopic techniques make it possible for patients to return to normal activities more quickly.